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Navratri | Navadurga Pujan

 

Navratri | Navadurga Pujan

 

Navratri is a nine-night celebration of Durga, the Hindu mother goddess.  Navratri comes from the Sanskrit Nava, meaning “nine” and ratri, meaning “nights.” The festival is also called Sharada Navratri or Maha Navratri, meaning “great Navratri.”

There are four Navratri celebrations throughout the year. However, in practice, it is the post-monsoon autumn festival called Sharada Navratri. Sharada Navratri is the largest and is, therefore, known simply as Navratri. That is the most observed in the honor of the divine feminine Devi Durga. Devi Durga represents Shakti, or female divine energy and purity. It is believed that Durga fought a nine-day battle against the demons (like Raktbeej, Sumbh Nisumbh, Mahisasur etc), at the end of which she was victorious, this symbolizing the victory of good over evil.

Navaratri is celebrated as  Durga Puja in the eastern states of India, wherein goddess Devi Durga battles and emerges victorious over Mahisasur which symbolizes the Victory of good over evil. On the other hand in the Northern and Western parts of India, the festival of Navratri is synonymous with “Rama Lila” and “Dussehra” which is also celebrated as the victory of god Ram over Ravana. In southern states, the victory of different goddesses, of Rama or Saraswati is celebrated. In all cases, the common theme is the battle and victory of Good over Evil based on a regionally famous epic or legends such as the Ramayana or the Devi Mahatmya.

Navratri ceremonies include colorful clothing, dancing, fasting and rituals. In the yogic tradition, the holiday is a time for spiritual practices, meditation, and discipline, honoring the Divine. During the Navratri statues of Devi Durga are placed in beautiful stages called Pandals. On the 10th day, which is called “Vijayadashami” or “Dussehra”, the statues are immersed in the water body such as river, pond or in the sea. In the evening the statue of Ravana, Kumbhakaran, and Meghnath, symbolizing the evil are burnt with fireworks marking evil’s destruction. This also starts the preparation for Diwali, the festival of lights.

Sharad Navaratri begins on the first new moon in early autumn – usually late September or early October in the bright half of the Hindu calendar month Ashvin. Sharad Navaratri 2018 in India began on Wednesday, 10th October and ends on Thursday, 18th October. During Navratri, the goddess Durga is honored in her nine forms.  Each day is associated with an incarnation of the goddess;

  • Day 1: Shailaputri
  • Day 2: Brahmcharini
  • Day 3: Chandraghanta
  • Day 4: Kushmunda
  • Day 5: Skandmata
  • Day 6: Katyayani
  • Day 7: Kalratri
  • Day 8: Mahagauri
  • Day 9: Sidhidatri

 

Performing Durga Saptashati Yagya during Navratri gives very beneficial results as per astrology. Sri Durga Saptasati Yagya is more beneficial in Navratri. This Yagya will help to get the inner and outer fulfillment of desires and will power.The Sri Durga Saptsati Yagya is a very unique, rare and elaborate Yagya. This Yagya is a unique sacrificial rite involving powerful Saptsati mantras.

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Navratri Day 1: Devi Shailputri 

The first night of Navratri is called Pratipada and people worship Goddess Shailputri, also known as Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, on this day. ‘Shail’ means mountains and ‘putri’ means daughter. She is the embodiment of the collective power of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. It is in this form that the goddess was worshiped as the consort of Shiva. The color of the first day is red–it depicts action and vigor.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः॥

Om Devi Shailaputryai Namah.

 

ह्रीम श्री शैलपुत्री दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Hreem Shri Shailaputri Durgaaye Namaha|

 

Maa Shailputri Prarthana Mantra

वन्दे वाञ्छितलाभाय चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।
वृषारुढां शूलधरां शैलपुत्रीं यशस्विनीम्॥
Vande Vanchhitalabhay chandrardhakritshekharam
Vrisharudham Shooldharam Shailputreem Yashasvineem

 

Maa Shailputri Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ शैलपुत्री रूपेण संस्थिता।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Shailaputri Rupena Samsthita |
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah ||

 

 

Navratri Day 2: Devi Brahmacharini 
On the second night of Navratri Devi Brahmacharini is worshiped. Goddess Parvati took birth second time at the home of Daksha Prajapati. Goddess Parvati was great sati in this form and was worshipped as goddess Brahmacharini. The provider of all fortunes, Mangal (Mars) is said to be governed by Goddess Brahmacharini.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नमः॥

Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah॥

ह्रीम श्री ब्रह्मचारिणी दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Hreem Shri Brahamacharini Durgaaye Namaha

 

Maa Brahmacharini Prarthana Mantra

दधाना कर पद्माभ्यामक्षमाला कमण्डलू।
देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥
Dadhana Kara Padmabhyamakshamala Kamandalu।
Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmacharinyanuttama॥

 

Maa Brahmacharini Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ ब्रह्मचारिणी रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Brahmacharini Rupena Samsthita।
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

 

Navratri Day 3: Devi Chandraghanta
Devi Chandraghanta is worshiped on the third night of Navratri. According to Hindu mythology, Devi Chandraghanta is the Goddess of spirituality and internal strength. Devi Chandraghanta is also known as Chandrakhanda, Chandika or Rannchandi. This form of Devi Chandraghnata is peaceful and welfare. By her grace all the sins, distresses, physical sufferings, mental tribulations and ghostly hurdles of the devotees are eradicated.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी चंद्रघंटयई नमः |

Om Devi Chandraghantayayi  Namah

ह्रीम श्री चंद्र घंटे दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Aim Hreem Chandraghantay Durgaaye Namah ||

 

Maa Chandraghanta Prarthana Mantr

पिंडज प्रव्रुद्ध चण्डकोपास्त्रकैर्युता |
प्रसादं तनुते माध्यम चन्द्रघण्टेति विश्रुता || 

Pindaj Pravaarudh chandkopastrkairyuta |

Prasadam Tanute Madhyam Chandraghanteti vishrutaa ||

Maa Chandraghanta Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ चन्द्रघण्टा रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Chandraghanta Rupena Samstita |

Namastasyay Namastasyay Namastasyay Namo Namah ||

Navratri Day 4: Maa Kushmanda
With the fourth night begins the worship of Devi Kushmanda, possessed of eight arms holding a weapons and a mala (rosary). Devi Kushmanda Puja represents Anahata Chakra in spiritual practice. The divine blessings of Maa Kushmanda help you improve your health and wealth. She removes all the hurdles and troubles from your life and enables you to get rid of all sorts’ sorrows in life. Maa Kushmanda brings light into darkness and establishes harmony in your life.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी कूष्माण्डायै नमः॥

Om Devi Kushmandayai Namah॥

ह्रीम श्री कुष्मांडा दुर्गायै नमः ||

Om Hreem Shri Kushmanda Durgaaye Namaha ||

 

Maa Kushmanda Prarthana Mantra 

सुरासम्पूर्ण कलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।

दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥

Surasampurna Kalasham Rudhiraplutameva Cha।

Dadhana Hastapadmabhyam Kushmanda Shubhadastu Me॥

 

Maa Kushmanda Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ कूष्माण्डा रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Kushmanda Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

Navratri Day 5: Maa Skandamata
Day five is dedicated to goddess Skandamata. Lord Kartikeya is known as Lord Skanda and hence goddess Parvati is also known as Skandamata. She displays three eyes and four hands; two hands holds lotuses while the other two hand display defending and granting mudras, respectively. It’s said, by the mercy of Skandmata, even the fool becomes an ocean of knowledge. The goddess rules planet Budha (Jupiter).

 

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी स्कन्दमातायै नमः॥

Om Devi Skandamatayai Namah॥

ह्रीम श्री स्कन्द माता दुर्गायै नमः|

Om Hreem Shri Skanda Mata Durgaaye Namaha

 

Maa Skandamata Prarthana Mantra 

सिंहासनगता नित्यं पद्माञ्चित करद्वया।

शुभदास्तु सदा देवी स्कन्दमाता यशस्विनी॥

Simhasanagata Nityam Padmanchita Karadvaya।

Shubhadastu Sada Devi Skandamata Yashasvini॥

Maa Skandamata Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ स्कन्दमाता रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Ma Skandamata Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

Navratri Day 6: Maa Katyayani
The Day 6 is dedicated to goddess Katyayani. According to the scriptures, goddess Parvati took the form of Katyayani to destroy Mahishasura, who was a demon. And, Katyayani was the most violent form of goddess Parvati. She holds shining Chandrahasa (Sword) in Devi’s hand and one hand is depicted as giving the blessing. She rides a magnificent lion. This form of Maa Parvati is also known as the warrior goddess.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी कात्यायन्यै नमः॥

Om Devi Katyayanyai Namah॥

ह्रीम श्री कात्यायनी दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Hreem Shri Katyayani Durgaaye Namaha

Maa Katyayani Prarthana Mantra 

चन्द्रहासोज्ज्वलकरा शार्दूलवरवाहना।

कात्यायनी शुभं दद्याद् देवी दानवघातिनी॥

Chandrahasojjvalakara Shardulavaravahana।

Katyayani Shubham Dadyad Devi Danavaghatini॥

Maa Katyayani Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ कात्यायनी रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Ma Katyayani Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

Navratri Day 7: Maa Kalaratri
On the seventh day of Navratri, Maa Kalaratri Devi is worshiped. As mentioned in the Skanda Purana, Lord Shiva goes to his wife, Parvati to help the gods as they are terrorized by the demon-king, Durgamasur. Parvati sends Goddess Kaalratri, a bewitchingly beautiful female to help. Some sources say that Parvati removes her golden skin, to reveal her Kaalratri black-skinned form and goes forth to help.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी कालरात्र्यायी नमः|

Om Devi Kalratryayi Namah

ह्रीम श्री काल रात्रि दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Hreem Shri Kaala Ratri Durgaaye Namaha

Maa Kalaratri Prarthana Mantra 

एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता।

लम्बोष्ठी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्त शरीरिणी॥

वामपादोल्लसल्लोह लताकण्टकभूषणा।

वर्धन मूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयङ्करी॥

Ekaveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharasthita।

Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirini॥

Vamapadollasalloha Latakantakabhushana।

Vardhana Murdhadhwaja Krishna Kalaratrirbhayankari॥

Maa Kalaratri Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ कालरात्रि रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Ma Kalaratri Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

Navratri Day 8: Maa Mahagauri 
On the eighth day, known as Ashtami Mata Mahagauri is worshipped on this day. Mahagauri means extremely white “maha” meaning great and “gauri” meaning white or fair. The name derives from the fact that Parvati had a fair complexion. Here she rides a bull and has four hands. Mahagauri radiates peace and compassion. She is often dressed in a white or green sari. She holds a drum and a trident.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी महागौर्यै नमः॥

Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah॥

ह्रीम श्री महा गौरी दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Hreem Shri Maha Gauri Durgaaye Namaha

Maa Mahagauri Prarthana Mantra 

श्वेते वृषेसमारूढा श्वेताम्बरधरा शुचिः।

महागौरी शुभं दद्यान्महादेव प्रमोददा॥

Shwete Vrishesamarudha Shwetambaradhara Shuchih।

Mahagauri Shubham Dadyanmahadeva Pramodada॥

Maa Mahagauri Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ महागौरी रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Mahagauri Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

Navratri Day 9: Maa Siddhidaatri
The last day of the festival also known as Navami, people pray to Devi Siddhidaatri. There are eight Siddhis, they are- Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamya, Iishitva & Vashitva.  She is believed to possess and bestows all type of Siddhis. She is the grantor of 26 different wishes to her Bhaktas.  She has four hands and sits on a lotus.

Mantra – (108 times recitation suggested)

देवी सिद्धिदातरयायी नमः |

Om Devi Siddhidatryayi Namah

ह्रीम श्री राम नवमी दुर्गायै नमः |

Om Hreem Shri Ram Navmi Durgaaye Namaha

Maa Siddhidaatri Prarthana Mantra 

सिद्ध गन्धर्व यक्षाद्यैरसुरैरमरैरपि।

सेव्यमाना सदा भूयात् सिद्धिदा सिद्धिदायिनी॥

Siddha Gandharva Yakshadyairasurairamarairapi।

Sevyamana Sada Bhuyat Siddhida Siddhidayini॥

Maa Siddhidaatri Stuti Mantra

या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ सिद्धिदात्री रूपेण संस्थिता।

नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Siddhidatri Rupena Samsthita।

Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥

 

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